Southern Mongolia is famous for Gobi desert. One of the most popular travel routes in Mongolia is the Gobi desert, the habitat of the rarest animals and a unique natural landscape. The Gobi Desert is a vast zone of desert and desert steppe covering almost 30 percent of the Mongolian territory. The area is often imagined as a lifeless desert like in many other parts of the world. In reality, most part of the Gobi Desert is a land of steppes, sands, mountains and it is the home for camel breeders rich with wildlife and vegetation. Wild asses, camels, snow leopards, mountain sheep and gazelles flourish here, as do different types of flora. Dinosaur skeletons and their petrified eggs have been preserved here to the present day.
The Gobi is a large desert region in Asia. It covers parts of northern and northwestern China, and of southern Mongolia. The desert basins of the Gobi are bounded by the Altai Mountains and the grasslands and steppes of Mongolia on the north, by the Taklamakan Desert to the West, by the Hexi Corridor and Tibetan Plateau to the southwest, and by the North China Plain to the southeast. The Gobi is most notable in history as part of the Great Mongol Empire, and as the location of several important cities along the Silk Road.
The Gobi is made up of several distinct ecological and geographic regions based on variations in climate and topography.
One is the Eastern Gobi desert steppe Eco region, a Palearctic Eco region in the deserts and xeric shrub lands biome, home to the Bactrian camel and various other animals. It is a rain shadow desert formed by the Himalaya mountain range blocking rain-carrying clouds from the Indian Ocean from reaching the Gobi territory.
The Gobi measures over 1,600 km from southwest to northeast and 800 km from north to south. It is the fifth-largest desert in the world and Asia’s largest.
Much of the Gobi is not sandy but has exposed bare rock.
Archeologists and paleontologists have done excavations in the Nemegt Basin in the northwestern part of the Gobi Desert, which is noted for its fossil treasures, including early mammals, dinosaur eggs, and prehistoric stone implements, some 100,000 years old.
The Gobi Desert is the source of many important fossil finds, including the first dinosaur eggs.
Despite the harsh conditions, these deserts and the surrounding regions sustain many animals, including black-tailed gazelles, marbled polecats, Bactrian camels, Mongolian wild ass and sand plovers. They are occasionally visited by snow leopards, brown bears, and wolves. Drought-adapted shrubs in the desert included gray sparrow’s saltwort, gray sagebrush, and low grasses such as needle grass and bridle grass. Several large nature reserves have been established in the Gobi, including Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National Park, Great Gobi A and Great Gobi B Strictly Protected Area.
- Gobi is the driest zone of Mongolia. Prepare enough water for comfortable travelling.
- Avoid sun burning by using enough sun cream
- Always wear hat. Avoid sun stroking
- When you travel countryside, you will sometimes go on dirt and bumpy road.
- Remind that there will sometimes be no toilets on the countryside. You will have to use natural toilet when you are hurry.