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UMNUGOBI PROVINCE

Located in the south of Mongolia, Umnugobi is the largest province of Mongolia. It is famous for its destinations including Flaming Cliffs, Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park, and Khongoryn Els. Its travel destinations are follow as:

Bayanzag or the Flaming Cliffs

The Flaming Cliffs site, also known as Bayanzag is a region of the Gobi Desert of the Ömnögovi Province of Mongolia, in which important fossil finds have been made. It was given this name by American paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews, who visited in the 1920s. The area is most famous for yielding the first discovery of dinosaur eggs. Other finds in the area include specimens of Velociraptor and eutherian mammals. It is illegal to remove fossils from the area without appropriate permits.

The nickname refers to the red or orange color of the sandstone cliffs (especially at a sunset).

Galbiin Gobi

Galbiin Gobi which covers Khanbogd soum of Umnugobi province is considered as the largest gobi out of Mongolian 33 gobis. It is famous for its wine colored camels. Depending on Oyu tolgoi mining, its natural features have been gradually lost. Its length continues 200 km and its width continues over 50 km.

Travel tips:

  • Gobi is the driest zone of Mongolia. Prepare enough water for comfortable travelling.
  • Avoid sun burning by using enough sun cream
  • Always wear hat. Avoid sun stroking
  • When you travel countryside, you will sometimes go on dirt and bumpy road.
  • Remind that there will sometimes be no toilets on the countryside. You will have to use natural toilet when you are hurry.

Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park

Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park or Gobi Three Beauties National Park is a national park in southern Mongolia. The park was established in 1993, and expanded to its current size in 2000. The park, at nearly 27,000 square kilometers, is the largest national park in Mongolia, stretching 380 km from east to west and 80 km from north to south.

The park is named for the Gurvan Saikhan Mountains, which translates to the Three Beauties. The name is derived from three sub ranges, the East, Middle and West Beauty. The range forms the eastern half of the park.

The park lies on the northern edge of the Gobi desert. The higher elevations contain areas of steppe, and reach elevations of up to 2,600 meters. A number of rare plants and animals are found in the park, including the elusive snow leopard and the Gobi camel. Areas of sand dunes are found, most famously the Khongoryn Els – the Singing Sands. Another major tourist destination is Yolyn Am, which is connected with Dalanzadgad by paved road and a mountain valley that contains a large ice field through most of the year.

The park is a haven for some endangered species like the argali or wild sheep, snow leopard and Siberian ibex. The eponymous mountains of the park are inhabited by the magnificent lammergeyer, or bearded vulture.

Yol Valley

Yol Valley is located in east north part of Zuun Saikhan Mountain 2800 m above sea level. When we enter the valley, it will be wide. On the way it will be narrowed and a spring winds its way through the defile two or three kilometers. This valley is named after Yol or Bearded vulture. Bearded vultures are considered as Mongolian threatened species. It flies 1500-3000 meter high.

Khongoryn Els

Khongoryn Els also called Duut Mankhan is popularly known as the “Singing Sands”. It lies within the Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park in Mongolia. The sand dunes extend to over 965 square kilometres (373 sq mi) area.

The dunes extending up to the foot of the high Altai Mountains range, lie about 180 kilometers (110 mi) from Dalanzadgad. It is at a distance of 130 kilometers (81 mi) along the desert tracks to Bogd in Övörkhangai in the north, and 215 kilometers (134 mi) to Bayanlig on the northwest in Bayankhongor.

Mongolia has three types of deserts, and some of it has enough grass for livestock to graze, but the Khongoryn Els, in the extreme south of the Gobi Desert, has a huge range of sand dunes – 6–12 kilometers (3.7–7.5 mi) wide, 100 kilometers (62 mi) long (180 kilometers (110 mi) is also mentioned) and rising to a height of 80 meters (260 ft) (a maximum height to the apex can be 300 meters (980 ft)). They are similar to the dunes of Egypt. The sands have attractive curves which end in a sharp edge, making wave like patterns on the sand. They continually change shape due to wind and reflect yellow-white colors as the intensity of light changes during the day.

As the sand is moved due to winds or is in the process of collapse due to small avalanches, a strong sound is made giving it the name “Singing Sands” A French team has explained this phenomenon as due to a thin surface coating of slate over the sand grains which causes the sand to make a resonant sound. The sound is also attributed to heat, the weather conditions in the desert and to the avalanche effect caused by the sand particles moving harmoniously. This sound is also compared to the sound made by an aircraft during take-off and landing stages. Its length and width vary. The largest of these dunes is found in the northwestern end of the range. The northern border of the dunes is skirted by a small river, the Khongoryn gol, where green pastures are noted. The river is sourced by subterranean flows from the mountains forming its valley. Grazing by camels and horses of the nomadic population of the area is noted. The wildlife recorded consist of Saker falconsPallas’s sand grouse and Saxaul sparrowCorsac fox or red fox.

Travel tips:

  • In the evening, you will climb up to the highest point of the dune. It can be still hot while climbing. Do not forget to take a bottle of water.
  • Remind that climbing sand dune can be exhausting.
  • Once you reach the top, it will be difficult to go down and climb again. So don’t forget your items like camera, phone and a bottle of water.
  • Here, you will ride a camel. We suggest you following tips for riding a camel.
  • Walk to the side of your camel, don’t stand in front as camels can nibble, sneeze or blow a big bubble of foam from their mouths.
  • Make sure of wearing long trousers, socks and closed shoes. You can also put your trousers inside your socks. Don’t forget your hat, scarf, sunglasses and solar cream!
  • Sitting on a camel (and dismounting) is probably the most impressive moment. You sit between the two humps while the camel is crouching (this is not a big deal). Then the camel gets back on its feet extending first its back legs (which will make you overbalance forward), then its front legs (and you’ll overbalance backwards). So you must be careful and hold your belongings (your camera notably).
  • The saddle is composed of a carpet and stirrups. You sit between the camel’s humps. The camel is wide, and it’s not unusual to have aches inside the thighs during the hike or at the end of it. A cream or a painkiller can be useful.
  • The pace of the hike is quite slow. A local guide may hold your camel with a lunge. Even if the camel is a quiet animal and if it’s difficult to make it trot along, it might be carried away. So you must stay attentive during the whole hike and not have a risky behavior that could frighten the animals.
  • If you don’t feel comfortable, your camel could feel it and it could make it nervous. So firmly hold the reins and show the animal that you’re self-confident; this will calm it. Properly sit, you will also avoid to fall.

Khermen Tsav

This escarp, stretched for about 10 km, is located northwest from Gurvantes soum, Umnugobi province, is definitely considered as one of nine wonders in not only Umnugobi province but also Mongolia. From far, it looks like ancient city ruins. It covers 250 square km and dinosaurs’ fossils and ancient mammals’ fossils were found from this area. The findings made Mongolian Gobi unique and rich place which has the most dinosaurs’ fossils.